1. General Provisions
1.1 Based on the provision 9.1.4 of Communications Law, this official document shall determine principles and criteria of Mongolian internet exchange point service.
2. Definition of terms
2.1 The following terms used in this document shall be interpreted as follows:
2.2 Local internet traffic means traffic generated when local users access to the digital contents located in Mongolia.
2.3 Internet exchange point is a physical infrastructure through which Internet service providers (ISPs) and Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) exchange Internet traffic between their networks.
2.4 Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is a standardized exterior gateway protocol designed to exchange routing and reachability information among autonomous systems (AS) on the Internet.
2.5 Autonomous system (AS) is a collection of connected Internet Protocol (IP) routing prefixes under the control of one or more network operators on behalf of a single administrative entity or domain that presents a common, clearly defined routing policy to the Internet.
2.6 eBGP is the protocol used to transport information to other BGP enabled systems in different autonomous systems (AS).
2.7 In computer networking a routing table, or routing information base (RIB), is a data table stored in a router or a networked computer that lists the routes to particular network destinations, and in some cases, metrics (distances) associated with those routes.
2.8 Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC), is the not-for-profit regional Internet registry for the Asia Pacific region.
3. Peering principles
3.1 Non-governmental organization established by special license holders to establish information and communication network for cross-country and provide internet service shall establish IXP.
3.2 IXPs shall be connected to each point. IXP connection topology shall be organized at Layer2.
3.3 Company with a special license to establish information and communication network for cross-country shall connect to IXP not less than 10Gbps.
3.4 In order to increase local internet traffic and improve quality, internet service providers shall connect to one of the IXPs and if provide internet service for public organizations, shall connect to the IXP located at the National Datacenter.
3.5 Rights and obligations of parties connected to IXPs shall be regulated by the contract. Contract draft between IXP and internet service providers and technical conditions shall be reviewed by CRC Mongolia.
3.6 Connection line connecting IXPs shall be not less than 10Gbps and connection lines connecting internet service providers shall be not less than 1Gbps in terms of capacity.
3.7 eBGP, one of the dynamic connection types, shall be used for IXP.
3.8 IXPs shall offer the same service and technical conditions for internet service providers.
3.9 IXPs shall organize activities regarding creation and update of routing table which will be used in local internet traffic exchange.
3.10 When special license holders to establish information and communication network for cross-country and provide internet service connect to IXPs, the following principles shall be complied:
3.10.1 Only own network information or IP address obtained from APNIC shall be transmitted to IPXs.
3.10.2 Local traffic routing shall be done according to the routing table generated by the use of eBGP from routing table of special license holders registered at IPXs.
3.10.3 If transmission facility utilization reaches 80%, either transmission facility channel or equipment shall be extended.
3.10.4 Internet service providers shall have transmission channel and connection completely separate from cross-country internet connection transmission channel and connection, and shall not put speed limit for transmission facility, channel and IP network equipment and for its software.
3.10.5 gTLD and .MN domain names shall be public.
3.10.6 IPXs shall obtain and use IP address range for IPX from APNIC.
4. Specifications for IXPs
4.1 IPXs shall have a system to ensure reliable and continuous operation, and information security control and monitoring. System data shall be stored at least 6 months.
4.2 IXPs shall regularly and transparently distribute information to internet service providers through its website in conformity to quality level determined by the following indicators:
4.2.1 Packet loss
4.2.2 Packet delay
4.2.3 Packet Utilization
4.2.4 CPU usage information of IXPs and internet service providers
4.2.5 Connection types of all internet service providers connected to IXPs and their load
4.3 IXPs shall ensure reliable and constant service and monitoring (24х7х365) activities.
4.4 The following principles shall be complied to solve troubleshooting. Those are:
4.4.1 When troubleshooting occurs, immediately inform related parties by using fully automated control system.
4.4.2 IXPs or internet service providers shall quickly repair and troubleshoot.
4.4.3 Record troubleshooting type/classification, period and solutions, and analyze.
4.5 IXPs shall not filter information but transmit smoothly.
4.6 If transmission and IP network equipment processor, channel, and/or transmission port load of IPXs or one of the service providers reach 80%, rapidly increase capacity of previous transmission and IP network equipment parts, channel and ports less than 80
4.7 IXPs shall submit a comprehensive report including service quality, troubleshooting, problems, and traffic load and connection information to CRC Mongolia.